How to Check Open Ports in Linux

During the troubleshooting of offerings strolling on a Linux system, checking open ports is one of the obligations any consumer or administrator have to bear in mind performing. If a carrier is predicted to be strolling however for a few motive it is not, then maximum probably the port related to that carrier is closed and have to be opened. In this tutorial, we are able to exhibit how to test open ports in a Linux from the command line.

Check open ports with the use of ss command

The Linux ss command offers you designated insights on open ports and listening sockets. It attracts facts from the Linux kernel and is greater favored to the netstat command which has been deprecated.

$ ss -tl

Sample output

l – Shows listening sockets

t – Stands for TCP port

To display listening  UDP connections, issue the command

$ ss -lu

Sample output

u – Stands for UDP port


To display both tcp and udp, process name

$ ss -lntup

p – List process name that opened sockets

To print out all socket connections, simply use the ss command in its default format

$ ss

Sample output

Check open ports using netstat command

The netstat command is a effective command device this is used for checking open TCP and UDP ports along different attributes. To take a look at open ports, difficulty the command:

$ netstat -pnltu

Let’s take a better have a take a observe the command options:

p – Displays the Procees ID related to a provider or Program name

n – Displays the numerical variety of the port walking e.g 3306 for mysqld, and 22 for sshd.

l – Shows listening sockets

t – Displays TCP connections

u – Displays UDP connections

Check open ports the usage of the lsof command

The lsof command is a community command toolthat also can be used to test open ports in a Linux system. To show open ports, difficulty the command

$ lsof -i

Sample output

If you wish to display open sockets, use the lsof command and pipe the output to grep as shown:

$ lsof -n -P | grep LISTEN

Sample output

To view all TCP connections execute :

$ lsof -i tcp

Sample output

To display all UDP  connections run the command:

$ lsof -i udp

Sample output


Those are the linux instructions and equipment used for port scanning to test open ports in a Linux system. As always, your comments is most welcome. If you’ve got got different thoughts on how to test open ports, do get in contact with us.

Also Read : How to install Lynis Security Auditing tool in Ubuntu

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